HOUSEHOLD CLEANING HINTS
For regular cleaning, hot water and a neutral soap are advised. Very
fine steel wool, which can be bought in packets, or some simple
cleansing powder free from soda, is useful for removing any
discoloration. A weak solution of vinegar boiled in the saucepan will
also remove tarnish.
Use a good-sized enamelling brush for cleaning and note how quickly and
effectively it cleans out crevices and corners. Even a large-sized
mattress may be turned without undue exertion if strong handles, made
of leather, or strips of bed-ticking, are sewn on about half a foot
from the end of each corner. This plan saves strain and broken
When a water-bottle becomes discoloured put into it one tablespoonful
of coarse salt and two tablespoonfuls of vinegar. Shake well for a few
minutes, then fill up with warm water and stand for an hour or two.
Pour out the contents and rinse with clean water. This treatment will,
as a rule, leave the glass quite clean and bright, but it may be
necessary to repeat the process.
Cruet bottles used for vinegar sometimes become brown in appearance. To
remove this stain, caused by the acid of vinegar, fill the bottles with
a strong solution of washing soda and allow to stand for about half an
hour. Rinse thoroughly in warm water and dry.
bowls have been in use a short time, particularly in hard-water
districts, a white chalky deposit appears on their inner surface. This
may be removed by moistening a cloth with lemon juice and rubbing it
briskly over the marks, then rinse and dry the bowl. Its appearance may
be still further improved by polishing with any furniture cream or wax
WHEN CLEANING BRASS
First clean the metal in the ordinary way, using brass polish, then
coat very lightly with some good floor polish and rub up with a soft
duster. The lustre lasts considerably longer.
Rottenstone is very useful for cleaning badly neglected brass. Boil the
article in a strong solution of washing soda, rinse thoroughly, then
wash in warm soapy water, using a small scrubbing brush for ornamental
parts. When dry, polish with rottenstone and oil. Finally polish with a
little dry rottenstone and a soft duster.
The so-called brass rod in reality is iron cased with brass, and the
latter quickly tarnishes from atmospheric moisture. To save constant
cleaning, thoroughly well polish the rods, taking care that every trace
of metal polish is removed, then apply a thin coat of clear shellac or
wax polish. The application of a little oil, with a small brush or pipe
cleaner, to the moving parts of a patent runner ensures silent and easy
Should be rubbed frequently with a soft duster or chamois leather and,
when necessary, washed with a good soap and water. Neither soda nor
brass polish should be employed; the lacquer is only a kind of varnish,
and is easily removed with any strong treatment.
CLEANING A BRICK
Scrubbing should usually be sufficient to keep an unglazed brick
fireplace in good condition, but occasionally more drastic treatment is
necessary. The use of spirits of salts, or hydrochloric acid, diluted
with water, using approximately 1/4 acid to 3/4 water, removes any
traces of plaster and brightens the bricks. If hydrochloric acid is not
available, undiluted vinegar may be used instead. As hydrochloric acid
is corrosive it should be used with care and stored in a safe place.
Naturally the bricks should be well rinsed after its use.